National Anthem of Afghanistan
The "Afghan National Anthem" (Pashto: ملی سرود‎ - Milli Sorud; Persian: سرود ملی‎ - Sorude Melli, meaning  "National anthem") was adopted and officially announced as such by a Loya Jirga in May 2006. According to article 20 of the Afghan constitution, the national anthem shall be in Pashto with the mention of "God is Greatest" as well as the names of the various tribes of Afghanistan. The lyrics were written by Abdul Bari Jahani and the music was written by German-Afghan composer Babrak Wassa.

Afghan National Anthem
Pashto Lyrics English Translation Dari Translation
First stanza

دا وطن افغانستان دى
دا عزت د هر افغان دى
كور د سولې، كور د تورې
هر بچى يې قهرمان دى

This land is Afghanistan,
it is the pride of every Afghan
The land of peace, the land of sword,
each of its sons is brave

این کشور افغانستان است
این عزت هر افغان است
خانهٔ صلح، خانهٔ شمشیر
هر فرزندش قهرمان است

Second stanza

دا وطن د ټولو كور دى
د بلوچو، د ازبكو
د پــښــتون او هزارهوو
د تركمنو، د تاجكو

This is the country of every tribe,
The land of Balochs and Uzbeks
Pashtuns and Hazaras,
Turkmens and Tajiks

این کشور خانهٔ همه است
از بلوچ، از ازبک
از پشتون و هزارها
از ترکمن و تاجک

Third stanza

ور سره عرب، ګوجر دي
پاميريان، نورستانيان
براهوي دي، قزلباش دي
هم ايماق، هم پشايان

With them, there are Arabs and Gujjars,
Pamiris, Nuristanis
Brahuis, and Qizilbash,
also Aimaqs and Pashais

هم عرب و گوجر است
پامیری‌ها، نورستانی ها
براهوی است و قزلباش است
هم آیماق و پشه‌ای ها

Fourth stanza

دا هيواد به تل ځلېږي
لكه لمر پر شنه آسمان
په سينې كې د آسيا به
لكه زړه وي جاويدان

This land will shine for ever,
like the sun in the blue sky
In the chest of Asia,
it will remain as heart for ever

این کشور همیشه تابان خواهد بد
مثل آفتاب در آسمان کبود
در سینهٔ آسیا
مثل قلب جاویدان

Fifth stanza

نوم د حق مو دى رهبر
وايو الله اكبر
وايو الله اكبر
وايو الله اكبر

We will follow the one God
We all say, "Allah is the greatest!",
we all say, "Allah is the greatest!",
we all say, "Allah is the greatest!"

نام حق است ما را رهبر
میگویم الله اکبر
میگویم الله اکبر
میگویم الله اکبر

Afghanistan at a glance
Official name Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Capital Kabul (Pop. 4.6 million)
Population (2018 est.) 35 million (World rank: 39)
Languages (official) Dari | Pashto
Religion (official) Islam
Currency Afghani (AFN)
Literacy 38.2% (male: 52% | female: 24.2%)
President Ashraf Ghani
Time now
Abbreviation AF
Administrative divisions 34 provinces
Anthem Millī Surūd
Arable land 11.8%
Area 652,230 sq km (251,830 sq mi) (World rank: 40)
Birth rate 37.5 births/1,000 population
(Land boundaries)
5,987 km (Pakistan 2670 km, Tajikistan 1357 km, Iran 921 km, Turkmenistan 804 km, Uzbekistan 144 km, China 91 km)
Busiest airport Hamid Karzai International Airport, Kabul
Calling code +93
Climate arid to semiarid (cold winters and hot summers)
Cities Kabul | Kandahar | Herat
Coastline 0 km (landlocked)
Currency Afghani (AFN)
Death rate 13.2 deaths/1,000 population
Demonym Afghan
Driving side right
Education expenditures 3.9% of GDP (World rank: 111)
Elevation (mean) 1,884 m
Ethnic groups Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek
Exports $784 million (opium, fruits and nuts, handwoven carpets, wool, cotton, hides and pelts, precious and semi-precious gems, and medical herbs)
Exports - partners India 56.5%, Pakistan 29.6%
Fiscal year 21 December - 20 December
Forest cover 2.07%
GDP (nominal) $21.657 billion (World rank: 111)
GDP per capita $601 (World rank: 177)
GDP (PPP) $69.45 billion (World rank: 101)
Geographic coordinates 33 00 N, 65 00 E
Health expenditures 8.2% of GDP (World rank: 52)
Highest point Noshak (7,492 m)
Imports $7.616 billion (machinery and other capital goods, food, textiles, petroleum products)
Imports - partners China 21%, Iran 20.5%, Pakistan 11.8%, Kazakhstan 11%, Uzbekistan 6.8%, Malaysia 5.3%
Independence 19 August 1919 (from UK)
Infant mortality rate 108.5 deaths/1,000 live births
Internet TLD .af
International Airports 4
Life expectancy at birth 52.1 years (World rank: 223)
Literacy 38.2% (male: 52% | female: 24.2%)
Lowest point Amu Darya (258 m)
Map Map of Afghanistan
Maternal mortality rate 396 deaths/100,000 live births
Median age 19 years
Motto Lā ʾilāha ʾillā llāh, Muhammadun rasūlu llāh
(There is no God but Allah; Muhammad is the messenger of Allah)
National carrier Ariana Afghan Airlines
National colors red, green, black
National emblem Emblem of Afghanistan
National flag Flag of Afghanistan
National sport Buzkashi
National symbol Lion
Population density 46/sq km (119.1/sq mi) (World rank: 174)
Population growth rate 2.37%
President Ashraf Ghani
Sex ratio 1.03 male(s)/female
Suffrage (right to vote in political elections) 18 years of age (universal)
Total fertility rate 5.02 children born/woman
Countries of the world