Afghanistan
National emblem of Afghanistan
The National Emblem of Afghanistan depicts the inscription of the shahadah in Arabic at the top. Below it is the image of a mosque with a mihrab and minbar, or pulpit, within. Attached to the mosque are two flags, taken to stand for flags of Afghanistan. Beneath the mosque is an inscription that states the name of the nation. Around the mosque are sheaves of wheat, and underneath that, the Hijri year 1298 (1919 in the Gregorian calendar), the year Afghanistan gained independence from the British influence.
National Emblem represents Islam and features a mosque with its mihrab (the niche which shows the direction to the Muslim Holy City of Mecca) and Minbar (the pulpit from which sermons are preached) flanked by two national flags of Afghanistan on either side; below the mosque are numerals for the Islamic calendar year 1298 (1919 in the Gregorian calendar, the year of Afghan independence from the UK); this central image is circled by a border consisting of sheaves of wheat on the left and right, in the upper-center is an Arabic inscription of the Shahada (Muslim creed) below which are the rays of the rising sun over the Takbir (Arabic expression meaning "God is great"), and at bottom center is a scroll bearing the name Afghanistan in Arabic

Afghanistan at a glance
Official name Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Capital Kabul (Pop. 4.6 million)
Population (2018 est.) 35 million (World rank: 39)
Languages (official) Dari | Pashto
Religion (official) Islam
Currency Afghani (AFN)
Literacy 38.2% (male: 52% | female: 24.2%)
President Ashraf Ghani
Time now
Abbreviation AF
Administrative divisions 34 provinces
Anthem Millī Surūd
Arable land 11.8%
Area 652,230 sq km (251,830 sq mi) (World rank: 40)
Birth rate 37.5 births/1,000 population
Border
(Land boundaries)
5,987 km (Pakistan 2670 km, Tajikistan 1357 km, Iran 921 km, Turkmenistan 804 km, Uzbekistan 144 km, China 91 km)
Busiest airport Hamid Karzai International Airport, Kabul
Calling code +93
Climate arid to semiarid (cold winters and hot summers)
Cities Kabul | Kandahar | Herat
Coastline 0 km (landlocked)
Currency Afghani (AFN)
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Death rate 13.2 deaths/1,000 population
Demonym Afghan
Driving side right
Education expenditures 3.9% of GDP (World rank: 111)
Elevation (mean) 1,884 m
Ethnic groups Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek
Exports $784 million (opium, fruits and nuts, handwoven carpets, wool, cotton, hides and pelts, precious and semi-precious gems, and medical herbs)
Exports - partners India 56.5%, Pakistan 29.6%
Fiscal year 21 December - 20 December
Forest cover 2.07%
GDP (nominal) $21.657 billion (World rank: 111)
GDP per capita $601 (World rank: 177)
GDP (PPP) $69.45 billion (World rank: 101)
Geographic coordinates 33 00 N, 65 00 E
Health expenditures 8.2% of GDP (World rank: 52)
Highest point Noshak (7,492 m)
Imports $7.616 billion (machinery and other capital goods, food, textiles, petroleum products)
Imports - partners China 21%, Iran 20.5%, Pakistan 11.8%, Kazakhstan 11%, Uzbekistan 6.8%, Malaysia 5.3%
Independence 19 August 1919 (from UK)
Infant mortality rate 108.5 deaths/1,000 live births
Internet TLD .af
International Airports 4
Life expectancy at birth 52.1 years (World rank: 223)
Literacy 38.2% (male: 52% | female: 24.2%)
Lowest point Amu Darya (258 m)
Map Map of Afghanistan
Maternal mortality rate 396 deaths/100,000 live births
Median age 19 years
Motto Lā ʾilāha ʾillā llāh, Muhammadun rasūlu llāh
(There is no God but Allah; Muhammad is the messenger of Allah)
National carrier Ariana Afghan Airlines
National colors red, green, black
National emblem Emblem of Afghanistan
National flag Flag of Afghanistan
National sport Buzkashi
National symbol Lion
Population density 46/sq km (119.1/sq mi) (World rank: 174)
Population growth rate 2.37%
President Ashraf Ghani
Sex ratio 1.03 male(s)/female
Suffrage (right to vote in political elections) 18 years of age (universal)
Total fertility rate 5.02 children born/woman
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