The national flag of Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশের জাতীয় পতাকা) is a green field with a large red disk shifted slightly to the hoist side of center. It was adopted officially on 17 January 1972. The flag is based on a similar flag used during the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971, which had a yellow map of the country inside the red disc.
Green stands for the lush vegetation of Bangladesh
Red disc symbolizes the sun rising over Bengal and the bloodshed and sacrifice of martyrs who died in the struggle for independence of Bangladesh.
|Adopted||17 January 1972|
|Inspired by||Flag of Bangladesh Liberation War|
|Colors||Green (Hex #01796F)|
|Red (Hex #E11837)|
|Design||A red sun on a green field|
When India was divided by British into India and Pakistan, the Muslim-majority Pakistan comprised two geographically and culturally separate areas to the east and the west with India in between. Soon, the affluent West Pakistan began exploiting East Pakistan economically and refused to share political power with it. The resulting Bangladesh Liberation War led to the independence of East Pakistan, now known as Bangladesh. Dhaka University was the nucleus of the Liberation War. A group of students, including Kazi Aref Ahmed, ASM Abdur Rab, Shahjahan Siraj, Manirul Islam (Marshal Moni), Swapan Kumar Choudhury, Quamrul Alam Khan (Khasru), Hasanul Haq Inu and Yousuf Salahuddin Ahmed, assembled in the room 116 of Iqbal Hall (now Sergeant Zahurul Haq hall) of Dhaka University on 6 June 1970 and put together a flag for the Liberation War. It was a bottle green flag representing the country's greenery with its youthfulness with a blood red, blazing sun at the center symbolising the sacrifices and bloodshed of freedom fighters and those killed by the occupying force. A map of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) was first traced on a tracing paper from an atlas by Hasanul Haq Inu, Yousuf Salahuddin Ahmed and Enamul Haq.
Bangladesh Flag history
Once the design was finalised, they procured cloth from the Apollo cloth shop of Dhaka Khaddar Market and got the first flag of Bangladesh stitched. Shibnarayan Das, then President of Comilla Chatra League, took the responsibility of painting the map inside the sun in golden yellow.
On 2 March 1971, the flag was hoisted in Bangladesh for the first time at Dhaka University, by student leader A. S. M. Abdur Rab, the then Vice President of Dhaka University Students' Union.
On January 13, 1972, renowned Artist Quamrul Hassan redesigned the flag by removing the map as the contortion of Bangladesh's southern islands made it very difficult to place the map inside the red circle. The red disk was slightly moved towards the hoist so that it appears centred when the flag is flying
I. Colour- (a) The green base of the flag will be of Procion Brilliant Green H-2RS 50 parts per 1000. (b) The red circular part will be of Procion Brilliant Orange H-2RS 60 parts per 1000. II. Size of the ‘Flag’ for Building- (a) 10'×6' (b) 5'×3' (c)2½'×1½' III. Size of the ‘Flag’ for Car- (a) 15”×9”.................For big cars. (b) 10”×6”.................For small and medium size cars. IV. Size of the ‘Table Flag’ for international and bilateral conferences- 10”×6”. Explanation- (a) When the length of the ‘Flag’ is 10' its width will be 6'. (b) The radius of the red circle in the ‘Flag’ will be 2'. (c) Draw a perpendicular on 4½' from the left hand of the length of the ‘Flag’ and a horizontal line from the middle of its width. (d) The Centre of the red circle will be at the point of intersection of these two lines. 4. Occasions on which the Bangladesh Flag is to be flown : I. On the following days and occasions ‘Bangladesh Flag’ shall be flown on public and private buildings throughout Bangladesh and the office premises of Bangladesh Diplomatic Missions and Consular posts in the manner as stated below: (a) Birthday of the Holy Prophet (Eid-e-Milad-un-Nabi) (b) Independence Day on the 26th March. (c) Victory Day on the 16th December. (d) Any other day as may be notified by the Government. “II. The ‘Flag’ shall be flown half-mast on the following days: (a) Shaheed Day on the 21st February; and (b) All other days as may be notified by the Government” 5. The ‘Flag’ shall be flown over Bangladesh Diplomatic Missions and Consular posts in foreign countries in accordance with the custom of the country in which the Bangladesh Mission is situated. In countries where it is not the custom to fly the flag daily, the ‘Bangladesh Flag’ shall be flown on the days specified in rule 4 as well as on days on which flags are normally flown in those countries. But in the countries where flags are flown daily, a special large flag shall be flown. 6. Use of the Flag on Government Buildings, Official Residence, Motor Cars, etc.- I. The ‘Bangladesh Flag’ shall be flown on all working days on important Government Buildings and Offices, e.g., the President House, Legislative Assembly Buildings, etc. all Ministries and the Secretariat Buildings of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Offices of the High Court, Courts of District and Session Judges, Offices of the Commissioners of divisions, Deputy Commissioner/ Collectors, Chairman, Upazila Parishad, Central and District Jails, Police Stations, 2 [Custom Posts, Primary, Secondary and Higher Secondary level Educational Institutions and such other buildings] as may be notified by the Government from time to time. “II. The ‘Flag’ shall be flown on the official residence of the following persons: (a) The President. (b) The Prime Minister. (c) The Speaker of Parliament. (d) The Chief Justice of Bangladesh. (e) Cabinet Ministers. (f) Chief Whip. (g) Deputy Speaker of Parliament. (h) The Leader of the Opposition in Parliament. (i) Persons accorded the status of a Cabinet Minister. (j) Ministers of State. (k) Persons accorded the status of a Minister of State. (l) Deputy Ministers. (m) Persons accorded the status of a Deputy Minister. (n) Heads of Diplomatic/Consular Missions of Bangladesh in foreign countries. (o) Chairmen of Parbattya Zilla Parishads of Rangamati, Khagrachari and Bandarban III. The President and the Prime Minister shall be entitled to fly the “Bangladesh Flag’ on Motor vehicles, and Vessels and Aeroplanes. IV. The following persons shall be entitled to fly the ‘Bangladesh Flag’ on Motor Vehicles and Vessels: (a) The Speaker of Parliament. (b) The chief Justice of Bangladesh. (c) Cabinet Ministers. (d) Chief Whip. (e) Deputy Speaker of Parliament. (f) The Leader of the Opposition in Parliament. (g) Persons accorded status of a Cabinet Minister. (h) Heads of Diplomatic/Consular Missions of Bangladesh in foreign countries. V. Ministers of State and Persons accorded the status of a Minister of state, Deputy Ministers and Persons accorded the status of a Deputy Minister while on tour outside the capital within the country or abroad, shall be entitled to fly the ‘Bangladesh Flag’ on Motor vehicles and vessels.” Note- The ‘Flag’ shall be flown only when the dignitary concerned is in the car or vessels. 7. Maintenance of the dignity of the ‘Flag’ : I. Due honour and respect shall always be shown to the ‘Flag’ II. The ‘Flag’ shall never be draped over the hold, top side or back of a vehicle, railway train or boat. III. The place of honour shall be reserved for the ‘Bangladesh Flag’ when it is accompanied by flags or colours of other foreign countries. IV. If there are only two flags or colours the ‘Bangladesh Flag’ shall be flown at the right of the building. V. When the number of flags is more than two the ‘Bangladesh Flag’ shall be placed at the centre if the number of flags is odd; it shall be flown the first to the right of the centre if the number is even. VI. When the ‘Flag’ is displayed with another flag against a wall from crossed staff, the ‘Flag’ shall be on the crossed Flag’s own right (i.e., to the left of the person facing crossed Flags), and its staff shall be in front of the staff of the other flag. VII. No other flag or colour shall be flown above the ‘Bangladesh Flag’ VIII. In processions the ‘Flag’ shall be carried at the centre or at the right of the procession in the line of march. IX. In escutcheons the ‘Flag’ shall be placed in the centre and to the highest point if the number of flags is odd, and at the right of the crest of the escutcheon (i.e., to the left of the persons facing it), if the number is even. X. When the flag of any other country is flown together with the ‘Bangladesh Flag’ the later shall be hoisted first and lowered last. XI. When the flags of two or more countries are displayed, they shall be flown on separate staffs. The flags shall be approximately of equal size. XII. The flags when flown at half-mast shall first be hoisted to the peak and then lowered to the half-mast position. The ‘Flag’ shall again be raised to the peak before it is lowered for the day. XIII. When the ‘Flag’ is displayed on a wall, otherwise than by being flown from a staff, it shall be displayed flat. In a public auditorium or meeting, the ‘Flag’, if displayed, shall be above and behind the speaker. When the ‘Flag’ is displayed over the middle of the street, it shall be displayed vertically. XIV. The ‘Flag’ shall not be lowered into the grave or allowed to touch the ground. XV. The ‘Flag’ shall not be dipped to any person or any inanimate object. XVI. The ‘Flag’ shall never touch any object beneath it such as the floor, water or merchandise. XVII. The ‘Flag’ shall never be carried flat or horizontally but always aloft and free. XVIII. The ‘Bangladesh Flag’ shall not be used as drapery of any soft whatsoever provided that the use of the ‘Flag’ may be permitted for draping the bier of a high personage who is given burial with full military honours of full ceremonials. XIX. The ‘Flag’ shall not be hoisted, displayed, used, stored in such a manner as will permit it to be easily torn, soiled or damaged in any way. XX. The ‘Flag’ shall not be used as a receptacle for receiving, holding, carrying, or delivering anything. XXI. The ‘Flag’ except with the permission in writing of and in accordance with the conditions, if any, imposed by the Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh shall not be used in any trade-mark or design or the title of any patent or for the purpose of any trade, business, calling or profession or for any other purpose whatsoever. XXII. The ‘Flag’ when it is in such a condition that it can no longer be used, shall be disposed of in a dignified manner, preferably by burying. XXIII. The ‘Flag’ shall be hoisted briskly and lowered ceremoniously. XXIV. During the ceremony of hoisting or lowering the ‘Flag’ or when the ‘Flag’ is passing in a parade or in a review, all persons present shall face the ‘Flag’ and stand to attention. XXV. When the ‘Flag’ is hoisted formally, it should be done with the singing of the National Anthem. When the National Anthem is being played and the ‘Flag’ displayed, all present shall face the ‘Flag’. Those in uniform shall salute. When the ‘Flag’ is not displayed, all present shall stand and face towards the music. Those in uniform shall salute at the first note of the anthem and retain this position until the last note. XXVI. The ‘Flag’ shall not be flown at half-mast without the permission of the Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, provided that the Head of the Bangladesh Mission in a foreign country shall have discretion to fly the ‘Flag’ at half-mast on the days when flags are hoisted at half-mast by the Government of the country, to which he is accredited. 8. General Instructions : I. The ‘Flag’ shall be flown only from sunrise to sunset except on cars, vessels and aeroplanes, provided that the ‘Flag’ may be flown at night on buildings on special occasions, such as the night session of the Legislature or the swearing-in-ceremony of the President or of Cabinet Ministers. II. When the ‘Flag’ is displayed on a motor car the staff, shall be fixed firmly to the chassis or clamped to the radiator-cap. III. Nothing should be written or imprinted on the ‘Flag’ nor should any mark be made on it on ceremonial or any other occasion. IV. The ‘Flag’ shall not be used except in accordance with the above rules and as modified from time to time. V. The use of the ‘Flag’ by the Army, Navy and Air Force shall be governed special rules made for the purpose. 9. Use of Foreign Flags in Bangladesh. I. ‘National Flags’ of foreign countries can be flown on the Chancery building (s) of Diplomatic Missions as well as on Consular Offices in Bangladesh, Heads of Diplomatic Mission may, in addition, fly their ‘National Flags’ on their official residence as well as on their cars. II. Foreign dignitaries of the following categories can fly their personal standards or the National Flags of their respective countries, in case they have no personal standards, on the place of their residence and on their cars, on State visit to Bangladesh: (a) Heads of States. (b) Visiting Prime Ministers. (c) Ministers of Foreign Governments. III. In case, on occasions such as the National days a Foreign Mission in Bangladesh holds as social function in a place other than the Chancery or the residence of the Heads of the Mission, it may fly its National Flag there, provided that the ‘Bangladesh Flag’ is flown alongside and is accorded the place of honour. Note-The privileges cited in Rules above will apply only in case of those countries which offer similar concessions to the People’s Republic of Bangladesh on reciprocal basis. IV. Except as stated in the above Rules, the flag of a Foreign State shall not be flown on any car or building in Bangladesh without the specific permission of the Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.
Bangladesh Flag Protocol