Chile probably got its name from the Native Indian word 'Tchilli' which meant 'snow' or 'extremely cold' The Spanish conquistadors heard the word from the Incas, and the survivors of Diego de Almagro's first Spanish expedition popularized it.
Nevado Ojos del Salado, the highest peak in Chile, is also the highest active volcano in the world at 6,893 m (22,615 ft). It is also the second highest mountain in the Western Hemisphere and Southern Hemisphere.
World's highest active volcano
80% of South America’s glaciers lie in Chile. The largest glaciers of Chile are the Northern and Southern Patagonian Ice Fields.
Land of glaciers
Chile is world's largest producer and exporter of copper. Chuquicamata, located in the north of Chile, is the biggest open pit copper mine in the world
Southern Andes of Chile and Argentina are home to Southern pudú, a species of South American deer. Andes of Colombia, Peru, and Ecuador are home to Northern pudú, the smallest species of deer in the world. Because they live on the slopes of the Andes Mountain Range, they are also known as the "Chilean mountain goat".
World's largest swimming pool is in the San Alfonso del Mar resort, Algarrobo, Chile. The pool covers about 20 acres containing some 250 million liters (66 million US gallons)
World's largest swimming pool
Easter Island of Chile is famous for its 887 extant monumental statues, called moai, created by the early Rapa Nui people. The name "Easter Island" was given by the island's first recorded European visitor, the Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen, who encountered it on Easter Sunday (5 April) in 1722, while searching for Davis or David's island. The current Polynesian name of the island is Rapa Nui ("Big Rapa").
The Andes, the longest continental mountain range in the world, extend through the entire length of Chile and hence mountains cover 80 percent of Chile. Only 3% of Chile's land is arable (fit for agriculture)
Atacama Desert, situated between the Andes and the Chilean Coast Range, is the driest desert in the world. Because of its high altitude, nearly nonexistent cloud cover, dry air, and lack of light pollution and radio interference from widely populated cities and towns, this desert is one of the best places in the world to conduct astronomical observations
|Name||Republic of Chile|
|Motto||Por la razón o la fuerza (By Right or Might)|
|Area||756,096 Sq. km (Rank: 37)|
|Population||17.5 million (Rank: 64)|
|Population density||24 per Sq. Km (Rank: 198)|
|GDP (PPP)||$477 billion (Rank: 42)|
|GDP (PPP) Per Capita||$25,668 (Rank: 53)|
|Independence (from Spain)||September 18, 1810|
|Land border||Argentina 6,691 km, Bolivia 942 km, Peru 168 km|
|National hero||Bernardo O'Higgins|
|Highest point||Nevado Ojos del Salado (6,880 mm)|
|Median Age||34.4 years|
|Life expectancy||78.9 years|