State flag of Idaho
|Adopted||November 2, 1957|
The state flag of Idaho consists of the state seal on a field of dark blue. The words “STATE OF IDAHO” appear in gold letters on a red and gold band below the seal. The seal depicts a miner and a woman and a shield between them. The state flower, the wild Syringa grows at the woman's feet, while the ripened wheat grows as high as her shoulder. The shield has a pine tree, a plowing man, a river and mountains. An elk's head rises above the shield and a sheaf of grain is below the shield and between two cornucopias. The seal contains the text "Great Seal of the State of Idaho" in the outer ring, with the white star. The inner ring contains a banner with the Latin motto, Esto perpetua ("may it endure")
Idaho state flag
Idaho flag colors - meaning
a woman holding scales and liberty (Phrygian) cap: represents justice and liberty, and the fact that the woman is the same size as the man shows us that in Idaho men and women are considered equal.
a miner with his pick and shovel: represents the mining industry of Idaho
the pine tree: represents the timber industry of Idaho
the plowing man and a sheaf of grain: represents the agricultural resources of Idaho
two cornucopias: represent the horticultural resources of Idaho
the elk head: represents the Idaho's protected game animals, elk and moose
the white star: symbolizes Idaho as a new light in the galaxy of states
the river: represents the Snake or Shoshone River
the state motto, “Esto Perpetua”: means “may it endure,” and suggests the wish that Idaho may last forever.
History of Idaho flag
The first state flag of Idaho, as adopted by the legislature on March 12, 1907, was a simple blue flag with the name of the state. The Adjutant General, Brigadier General C.A. Elmer added the Great Seal of the State of Idaho to the specification approved by law and his design was adopted on March 15, 1927. Emma Edwards Green designed the state seal of the Idaho and her description of the seal in her own words is "Idaho had been admitted into the Union on July 3rd, 1890, and on March 14, 1891, adopted my design for the great seal of the state of Idaho. The question of woman suffrage was being agitated somewhat, and as leading men and politicians agreed that Idaho would eventually give women the right to vote, and as mining was the chief industry, and the mining man the largest financial factor at that time, I made the figure of the man the most prominent in the design, while that of the woman, signifying justice, as noted by the scales; liberty, as noted by the liberty cap on the end of the spear, and equality with man as denoted by her positions at his side, also signifies freedom. The pick and shovel held by the miner, and the ledge of rock beside which he stands, as well as the pieces of ore scattered about his feet, all indicate the chief occupation of the state. The stamp mill in the distance, which you can see by using a magnifying glass, is also typical of the mining interest of Idaho. The shield between the man and woman is emblematic of the protection they unite in giving the state. The large fir or pine tree in the foreground in the shield refers to Idaho's immense timber interests. The husbandman plowing on the left side of the shield, together with the sheaf of grain beneath the shield, are emblematic of Idaho's agricultural resources, while the cornucopias, or horns of plenty, refer to the horticultural. Idaho has a game law, which protects the elk and moose. The elk's head, therefore, rises above the shield. The state flower, the wild Syringa or Mock Orange, grows at the woman's feet, while the ripened wheat grows as high as her shoulder. The star signifies a new light in the galaxy of states. ... The river depicted in the shield is our mighty Snake or Shoshone River, a stream of great majesty. In regard to the coloring of the emblems used in the making of the great seal of the state of Idaho, my principal desire was to use such colors as would typify pure Americanism and the history of the state. As Idaho was a virgin state, I robed my goddess in white and made the liberty cap on the end of the spear the same color... The "Light of the Mountains" is typified by the rosy glow which precedes the sunrise"
Idaho flag history