Flag of Iran
|Nickname||Three Colour Flag|
|Adopted||29 July 1980|
|Colors||Green (Hex #239F40)|
|White (Hex #FFFFFF)|
|Red (Hex #CE1126)|
|Use||National flag and ensign|
National flag of Iran (ایران پرچم) consists of three identical horizontal bands of green on top, white in between, and red below. The National emblem which represents the name of Allah is placed on the center of the white band. The words "Allah-o-Akbar (God is great) is printed in a stylized version of the Kufic script used for the Qur'an and is repeated 22 times (11 times along the bottom edge of the green band and 11 times along the top edge of the red band) to symbolize the 22nd day of the 11th month (Bahman) in the Persian calendar—the date of the Islamic revolution (22 Bahman 1357 = 11 February 1979 CE) that overthrew the Pahlavi dynasty. The National emblem on the flag center comprises of four crescents and a sword. The four crescents of the emblem form the word Allah (God) and the five parts of the emblem represent the five pillars of Islam. On top of the sword, which symbolizes a strong and powerful sovereign state, is a tashdid. The tashdid is used in Arabic writing to double a letter and in this context it means to double the strength of the sword. The tulip shape of the emblem was chosen in remembrance of the young martyrs of Islamic Republic of Iran.
Iran Flag - symbolism
Green stands for vitality, growth and prosperity. Green color represents Islam as it is believed to be a favorite color of Prophet Muhammad.
White represents honesty, purity and peace
Red symbolizes valour, sacrifice and bloodshed by the martyrs for the Iran's freedom
Iran Flag history
The National emblem is designed by Hamid Nadimi consisting of four crescents and a line. The four crescents form the word Allah: read from right to left the first crescent is the letter aleph, the second crescent is the first laam; the vertical line is the second laam, and the third and fourth crescents together form the heh. Above the central stroke is a tashdid (a diacritical mark indicating gemination) resembling a letter W. The tulip shape of the emblem as a whole memorializes those who have died for Iran and symbolizes the values of patriotism and self-sacrifice, building on a legend that red tulips grow from the shed blood of martyrs. A further change to the flag following the revolution was the addition of writing to the inner edges of the green and red bands, reading Allahu Akbar ("God is great") in a stylized version of the Kufic script used for the Qur'an. There are 22 copies of this inscription, in two rows of eleven, symbolic of the 22nd day of the 11th month (Bahman) in the Persian calendar—the date of the Islamic revolution (22 Bahman 1357 or 11 February 1979 CE) that overthrew the Pahlavi dynasty. This addition of writing renders the flag non-reversible.
Iran Flag history
Iran National Anthem
Iran Flag Image
Iran Flag (1907 - 1979)