North Carolina state quick facts
    North Carolina Facts
    State of North Carolina
    Nickname Tar Heel State
    Capital Raleigh
    Largest city Charlotte
    Population 10.2M (Rank:9)

    North Carolina facts




    How did North Carolina get its name?
    North Carolina is named after King Charles I of England ('Carolus' is the Latin word for Charles) Charles II of England granted a charter to start a colony and named it in honor of his father, Charles I

    North Carolina facts


    Largest producer of tobacco
    North Carolina is the largest producer of tobacco, furniture, brick and textiles in the U.S.

    North Carolina state facts

    Lost colony
    The first English colony on the North American continent was founded by Sir Walter Raleigh on Roanoke Island. The colony mysteriously vanished. The only clue was the word "CROATOAN" carved into a post of the fence around the village, and the letters C-R-O carved into a nearby tree.

    Facts about North Carolina


    First flight
    The Wright brothers successfully tested the first controlled heavier-than-air flight of a mechanically propelled fixed-wing airplane near Kill Devil Hills, about four miles south of Kitty Hawk, North Carolina on December 17, 1903. The Flyer I's first flight lasted 12 seconds for a total distance of 120 ft (36.5 m)

    North Carolina facts



    Oldest state univ
    The University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill is the oldest state university in the United States. The North Carolina legislature chartered the University of North Carolina in 1789, and construction on the campus in Chapel Hill began in 1793. The University became the first public institution of higher learning in the United States to admit the students in 1795. UNC was the only public institution to confer degrees in the 18th century. (University of Georgia started admitting students in 1801 and its first graduation was held in 1804)

    Facts about North Carolina state


    First English child
    On August 18, 1587, the first English child born in America to English parents, Virginia Dare, was born on Roanoke Island, North Carolina. Dare County, the easternmost county in North Carolin, is named after her.

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    First gold rush
    Cabarrus County, North Carolina, was the site of America's first gold rush. The first gold nugget found in the United States was found at Reed Mine in Cabarrus County, North Carolina in 1799. North Carolina was the United States' biggest source of gold before California became a US territory.

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    Largest house
    The Biltmore Estate in Asheville is the largest private house in the United States, with 250 rooms. It was built by George Washington Vanderbilt II in the 19th century.

    North Carolina facts


    Tallest lighthouse
    The Cape Hatteras Lighthouse is the tallest lighthouse in the United States.

    North Carolina facts



    Birthplace of America
    North Carolina was the first colony to declare independence from the British. The Mecklenburg Declaration, supposedly signed on May 20, 1775, in Charlotte, North Carolina, declared independence from Great Britain. On April 12, 1776, the colony became the first to instruct its delegates to the Continental Congress to vote for independence from the British Crown, through the Halifax Resolves passed by the North Carolina Provincial Congress.

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    Gem of a state
    North Carolina is the only state that has produced all four types of major gemstones - diamonds, rubies, emeralds, and sapphires.

    North Carolina facts

    Birthplace of Pepsi
    Pepsi, developed in 1893 by Caleb Bradham and introduced as Brad's Drink in New Bern, North Carolina, was named after the digestive enzyme pepsin and kola nuts used in the recipe.

    North Carolina facts

    Whistler's Mother
    Arrangement in Grey and Black No.1, best known under its colloquial name Whistler's Mother, is a painting by the American-born painter James McNeill Whistler. The subject of the painting, Whistler's mother Anna McNeill Whistler, was born in Wilmington, North Carolina. The painting is housed in the Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France.

    North Carolina state facts

    Home to 'Mother Vine'
    The grape vine that could've provided fruits for Sir Walter Raleigh's colonists in 1580s, the 400-year-old scuppernong "Mother Vine", is growing on Roanoke Island, North Carolina. It is reputed to be the oldest cultivated grapevine in the world.

    North Carolina facts


    Three capitals
    New Bern, North Carolina served as the capital of the North Carolina colonial government, then briefly as the state capital. The second state capital of North Carolina was Fayetteville.
    Fayetteville hosted the North Carolina Constitutional Convention where on November 21st, 1789, the Constitution was signed.
    Raleigh was chosen as the site of the permanent capital in 1788, as its central location protected it from attacks by the British. Officially established in 1792 as both county seat and state capital, the city was named for Sir Walter Raleigh, sponsor of Roanoke, the "lost colony" on Roanoke Island.

      Interesting North Carolina facts

      Birth of Carolina
      on March 24, 1663, King Charles I of England granted a charter to start a colony south of Virginia and named it in honor of his father, Charles I ('Carolus' is the Latin word for Charles) He gave the charter to a group of eight English noblemen in return for their financial and political assistance in restoring him to the throne in 1660. Charles II intended for the newly created colony to prevent northward expansion of the Spanish. In 1669, the Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina divided the colony of Carolina into two provinces, Abermarle province in the north and Clarendon province in the south. In 1712, Carolina colony was split into two colonies: Abermarle province became the colony of North Carolina and Clarendon province became the colony of South Carolina. Both North and South Carolina became royal colonies in 1729.
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      Interesting North Carolina facts



      Why North Carolina coast is called the "Graveyard of the Atlantic"?
      North Carolina’s Outer Banks were deadly for sailors. The region is nicknamed “The Graveyard of the Atlantic” as it is littered with sandbars. The sandbars and strong currents have sent more than 1000 ships to a watery grave.

      Interesting North Carolina facts

      Birthplace of two presidents
      The 11th president, James Polk, and the 17th president, Andrew Johnson, were born in North Carolina.

      Interesting North Carolina state facts

      Blackbeard
      The notoriuos pirate Edward Teach, better known as Blackbeard, called North Carolina home, and spent time ransacking ships off the coast in the early 1700s. Blackbeard renamed a captured French ship 'Queen Anne's Revenge' and used it as his flagship. In May 1718, the Queen Anne’s Revenge was shipwrecked. At the request of North Carolina planters, Governor Alexander Spotswood of Virginia dispatched a British naval force under Lieutenant Robert Maynard to North Carolina to deal with Blackbeard. On November 22, 1718, Blackbeard’s forces were defeated and he was killed in a bloody battle of Ocracoke Island.

      Interesting North Carolina facts


      Why North Carolina is nicknamed "The Tar Heel State"?
      North Carolina got the nickname the 'Tar Heel State' because workers in North Carolina here used to sell tar, pitch, and turpentine from the state's longleaf pine trees to be used in wooden ships.

      Interesting North Carolina facts



      First convert
      Manteo, a Croatan Indian, befriended the English explorers who landed at Roanoke Island in 1584. He helped the colonists understand the continent and taught them Algonquin. On August 13, 1587, Manteo was christened on Roanoke Island, making him the first Native American to be baptized.

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      First in action
      The first Confederate soldier to be killed in the Civil War was Private Henry Wyatt from North Carolina, in the Battle of Big Bethel in June 1861. At Appomattox Court House in Virginia in April 1865, the 75th North Carolina Regiment fired the last shots of the Confederate Army in the Civil War. North Carolinians proudly boast that they had been "First at Bethel, Farthest at Gettysburg and Chickamauga, and Last at Appomattox."

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      Remote county
      Murphy, North Carolina’s westernmost county, is closer to six other state capitals than it is to Raleigh, North Carolina’s capital.

      Interesting North Carolina facts


      Sweet potato
      The North Carolina state vegetable is the sweet potato and the state is the biggest producer of sweet potatoes in the United States.

      North Carolina state quick facts

      Nickname Tar Heel State List
      Capital Raleigh List
      Largest city Charlotte List
      Largest metro Charlotte Metro (rank: 22) List
      Motto Esse quam videri
      ("To be, rather than to seem")
      List
      Abbreviation NC List
      Population 10.2 million (rank: 9) List
      Population density 209 per mile2 (rank: 15) List
      Life expectancy 77.8 (rank: 37) List
      Median age 38.4 years (rank: 30) List
      Area 53,819 mile2 (rank: 28) List
      Median household income $50,797 (rank: 37) List
      Statehood November 21, 1789 (12th state) List
      Mean elevation 700 ft. (213 m) List
      Highest point Mount Mitchell 6,684 ft (2037 m) List
      Coastline 301 miles List
      Governor Roy Cooper (D)
      Time now