Pennsylvania state quick facts
    Pennsylvania Facts
    State of Pennsylvania
    Nickname Keystone State
    Capital Harrisburg
    Largest city Philadelphia
    Population 12.8M (Rank:5)
    Governor Tom Wolf (D)

    Pennsylvania facts

    How did Pennsylvania get its name
    British King Charles II granted, on February 28, 1681, a land charter to William Penn to repay a debt of £16,000 the king owed to William Penn's father, Admiral William Penn. William Penn proposed the name 'New Wales' for the land grant, but was rejected by the king. Then the name 'Sylvania' ('sylvania' means 'land that is full of trees') was proposed by William Penn for his land. The King prefixed 'Penn' to that proposal in honor of Admiral William Penn and named it 'Pennsylvania'.

    Pennsylvania fun facts


    No coastline
    Of the original Thirteen Colonies, Pennsylvania is the only state that does not border the Atlantic Ocean.

    Facts about Pennsylvania state


    Bachelor Buchanan
    Only one Pennsylvania-born person became the President of the United States - James Buchanan. He is also the only bachelor President of the United States

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    Four sore and seven years ago...
    The famous Gettysburg, the site of the 'Battle of Gettysburg' and President Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address, is in Pennsylvania

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    National Aviary
    The National Aviary, located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, is the only independent indoor nonprofit aviary in the United States. It is also the country's largest aviary, and the only accorded honorary "National" status by the United States Congress

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    Houdini

    Houdini Museum in Scranton, Pennsylvania is the only museum in the world devoted to the legendary magician, Houdini

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    Fill 'er up
    Gulf Refining Co. opened America's first gas station (petrol bunk or petrol filling station) on Baum Blvd., Pittsburgh, Pennsilvania in 1913

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    Book Shop
    The Moravian Book Shop in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania is the oldest continuously operating bookshop in the world. It was opened for business in 1745

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    Liberty Bell
    Formerly placed in the steeple of the Pennsylvania State House (now renamed Independence Hall), the bell today is located in the Liberty Bell Center in Independence National Historical Park. In 1777, the bell was stashed in the basement of Zion’s Reformed Church of Christ in Allentown, Pennsylvania to protect it from the British.

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    First zoo
    America's first zoo was founded in Philadelphia by Benjamin Franklin.

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    First hospital
    Founded on May 11, 1751, by Benjamin Franklin and Dr. Thomas Bond, Pennsylvania Hospital in Philadelphia, was the first hospital in the United States. It is also home to America's first medical library.

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    First stock exchange

    The First stock exchange in the United States was founded in Philadelphia in 1790

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    First Mint

    The First United States Mint was founded in Philadelphia in 1792

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    First medical school
    The first medical school in the North America was founded in Philadelphia in 1765. Now called Perelman School of Medicine (at the University of Pennsylvania), it is the oldest medical school in the United States.

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    Business school
    The Wharton School of Business of the University of Pennsylvania is the first business school in the United States.

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    Covered bridges
    Market Street Bridge in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, across the Schuylkill River is the first covered bridge in the United States. Pennsylvania has more covered bridges than any other state in the Unites States.

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    First theater

    First theater in United States, the Walnut Street Theatre, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania was opened in 1809

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    Oil well

    Modern oil industry began in Titusville, Pennsylvania when the first successful oil well was dug there on August 27, 1859

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    Railroad

    Mount Clare, Pennsylvania is the birthplace of American railroading, as the site of the first regular railroad passenger service in the United States, beginning on May 22, 1830

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    First telegraph message

    Mount Clare, Pennsylvania received the first telegraph message, "What hath God wrought?" sent on May 24, 1844, from Washington, D.C., using Samuel F. B. Morse's invention

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    Why is Pennsylvania called the keystone state?

    A keystone is a crucial thing on which other interrelated things depend. Pennsylvania played a vital role in bringing the colonies together to form a union and holding together the states of the newly formed Union. That's why Pennsylvania called the keystone state.

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    First computer
    World's first electronic general-purpose computer, ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer), was built in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1946. The 27-ton computer is built with 17,468 vacuum tubes, 7200 crystal diodes, 1500 relays, 70,000 resistors, 10,000 capacitors and approximately 5,000,000 hand-soldered joints. Its huge power requirement (150000 watts) led to the rumor that whenever the computer was switched on, lights in the city of Philadelphia dimmed. Several tubes burned out almost every day, leaving it nonfunctional about half the time. ENIAC had six primary programmers who not only determined how to input ENIAC programs, but also debugged problems by crawling inside the massive computer to find bad joints and burned out components.

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    First capital of USA
    Philadelphia, Pennsylvania served as the first Capital of the United States under the First Continental Congress from September 5, 1774 to October 24, 1774. It served as the Capital of the United States under the Second Continental Congress from May 10, 1775 to December 12, 1776. Lancaster, Pennsylvania has the distinction of being capital for merely a day. On September 27, 1777, the Continental Congress was forced to flee Philadelphia because the British had forced them out during the American Revolution. York, Pennsylvania served as the capital of the United States from September 30, 1777 to June 27, 1778 and it is in York the Articles of Confederation were drafted. Philadelphia served as the capital of the United States again from July 2, 1778 to March 1, 1781. Philadelphia was also the first capital under the Articles of Confederation from March 1, 1781 to June 21, 1783. Then for the last time, Philadelphia served as capital of the United States from December 6, 1790 to May 14, 1800 as the then proposed permanent capital city, Washington D.C., was under construction. On November 17, 1800, Washington D.C. took over as the permanent capital of the United States of America

    top 10 Interesting Pennsylvania facts


    Pennsylvania is one of the four U.S. states that are commonwealths (The others are Kentucky, Virginia, and Massachusets.)
    The Philadephia Eagles and the Pittsburgh Steelers merged to form the Steagles for one season in 1943 as both teams lost so many players to military service during WWII.
    Pennsylvania has the highest Amish population in the world.
    The first complete Tyrannosaurus Rex skeleton can be found in the Carnegie Museum in Pittsburgh.
    The first baseball stadium was built in Pittsburgh.
    On September 18, 1777, fearing that the approaching British army would seize and melt the Liberty Bell for ammunition, 200 cavalrymen transported the iconic symbol of freedom by caravan from the Philadelphia State House to the basement of the Zion Reformed Church in Allentown, where it remained until the British finally left in June of 1778.
    In July of 1952, Jonas Salk developed the first polio vaccine from the killed virus at the University of Pittsburgh. First tested on himself and his family, the vaccine was made available nation-wide a few years later, which reduced the number of polio cases from nearly 29,000 in 1955 to less than 6,000 in 1957
    The worst nuclear accident in United States history occurred on March 28, 1979, on Three Mile Island near Harrisburg. Caused by a series of system malfunctions and human errors, the plant’s nuclear reactor core partially melted, and thousands of residents were evacuated or fled the area, fearing exposure to radiation.
    Eastern State Penitentiary in Philadelphia was the most influential prisonever built. It had indoor plumbing and central heating before the White House did.
    Considered the Chocolate Capital of the United States, Hershey, PA is home to the Hers