South Dakota Flag
State flag of South Dakota
|Adopted||November 9, 1992|
South Dakota flag
The state flag of South Dakota features the state seal surrounded by a blazing sun in a field of sky blue. The state name, SOUTH DAKOTA, and nick name, THE MOUNT RUSHMORE STATE, are inscribed in a circle around the sun in gold sans-serif letters. The state seal on the flag features South Dakota's state motto, UNDER GOD THE PEOPLE RULE, at the top of the inner circle, which has a background of sky and the Black hills. In the foreground, a steam ship navigates the Missouri River running through industrial (to the left) and agricultural (to the right) land. On the left bank of the river, the mining industry is represented by a smelting furnace, hoist house, mill and dump. On the right bank of the river, the state’s agriculture is represented by a farmer plowing a field with a team of horses while cattle graze next to a field of corn. The outer circle of the seal bears the words 'STATE of SOUTH DAKOTA' on top and 'GREAT SEAL' at botton with '1889' in between the words 'GREAT' and 'SEAL'
South Dakota state flag
South Dakota flag colors - meaning
steam ship on the Missouri River: symbolizes South Dakota's commerce and transportation
background of sky and the Black Hills: represents South Dakota's natural beauty and natural resources
smelting furnace, hoist house, mill and dump: symbolize South Dakota's mining industry
farmer plowing a field with a team of horses while cattle graze next to a field of corn: represents South Dakota's agriculture and livestock
1889: is the year in which South Dakota achieved statehood.
South Dakota Flag - History
South Dakota has had three state flags. Ida Anding McNeil created the first one in 1909 with an inspiration from a song written by Willis Johnson. It is an unusual two-sided flag - on the front side it had 'a blazing sun in gold centered on a blue field' surrounded by the state's name (SOUTH DAKOTA)on top, and nickname (THE SUNSHINE STATE) at the bottom; the state seal was featured on the reverse side. It became official state flag on July 1, 1909.
Since the flag with two different sides was hard to make, the state legislature approved a new design for use on both sides of the flag on March 11, 1963. The new flag featured 'a blazing sun in gold centered on a blue field' surrounded by the state's name (SOUTH DAKOTA)on top, and nickname (THE SUNSHINE STATE) at the bottom; South Dakota state seal was represented in blue in the center covering all but the rays of the blazing sun
On July 1, 1992, the old state nickname on the flag, THE SUNSHINE STATE, was replaced with the new state nickname, THE MOUNT RUSHMORE STATE.